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BASIC PRINCIPLES ABOUT REVIEW

1. ORIGINAL LEARNING must take place. You have to be exposed to the material before it can be reviewed.

2. EARLY REVIEW is most efficient, most productive.
Before you attempt to learn new material whether in class or by reading:

bulletGlance over previous chapters or notes. 
bulletRun through your mind what you already know.
bullet Since memorization of new material is most effective when it is associated with material already known, this process brings all available mental "hooks" to the surface.

Immediately after learning:

bulletRe-work your notes, adding material that comes to mind, but don't recopy; this is wasteful.
bullet Order and organize what was learned. (use stars, use arrows, additional comments, etc.)
bullet Integrate new material with what you already know.

Forgetting is most rapid right after learning. Reviewing will combat this. Relearning is easier if it is done immediately.

3. SPACE INITIAL EARLY REVIEWS to support original learning. Several brief periods spread over 3 or 5 days is usually enough to ensure good recall for intermediate review.

4. INTERMEDIATE REVIEW is important when work is spread out over several weeks, months or longer. For example, when a final is 8 weeks away, follow this schedule:

bulletoriginal learning - exposure
bulletimmediate review of limited material same day or next day - 30 to 45 minutes
bulletweekly review - 45 to 60 minutes
bulletintermediate review of material covered so far, after 2 weeks - 1 to 2 hours
bulletmidterm exam review - 1 to 2 hours

final exam review, - 2 to 4 hours

Review times are suggestions only. Individuals or certain subject matter may require more review. Intermediate and final reviews should stress understanding and organization of material.

5. FINAL REVIEW IS A REVIEW, not "cramming" of unlearned material. No new learning takes place except to draw together the final main currents of thought.

bulletBe brief. Review entire course’s work in 2-4 hours. Set a schedule and stick to it.
bulletOutline and organize from memory. Don't copy. Put into your own words!
bullet

Recite (in writing or out loud to friend or self)

6. USE SPACED REVIEW rather than massed practice. 60 minutes used in 3 groups of 20 minutes each is more effective than 60 minutes used all at the same time.

bulletbreak up learning period for any one subject
bulletavoid fatigue
bulletview and strengthen previous learning
 
bullet

increased motivation, better concentration

 

 

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Last updated 04/02/10